Tomb of Bibi Jawindi

The Tomb of Bibi Jawindi is one of the five monuments in Uch Sharif, Punjab, Pakistan that are on the tentative list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Dating to the 15th century, the shrine was built in 1493 by an Iranian prince, Dilshad, for Bibi Jawindi, who was the great-granddaughter of Jahaniyan Jahangasht, a famous Sufi saint.

Architecture

Considered one of the most ornate monuments in Uch, the tomb of Bibi Jawindi is an important site for visitors. The exterior of the building is octagonal in shape and has three tiers with the top one supporting a dome, while the interior is circular due to thick angled walls rising up two stories. Both the interior and exterior of the building are richly decorated with Islamic scriptures, carved timber, and bright blue and white mosaic tiles known as faience. The base tier is supported by eight tapering towers in each corner. The compound enclosing the shrine is preserved in its original desert-like conditions and is mostly covered with cemented graves. The surrounding area is covered with green vegetation due to a network of river tributaries and canals crossing the area.

World Heritage Site

The site was submitted by the Department of Archaeology and Museums Pakistan in January 2004 to be inducted in the World Heritage Sites along with four other monuments in the region. These monuments are the Tomb of Baha'al-Halim, Tomb of Ustead (the architect), Tomb of Jalaluddin Bukhari, and the Mosque of Jalaluddin Bukhari. The site was submitted under the criteria ii, iv, and vi in the cultural category. As of 2012, it is still on the tentative list.

Conservation

Over the centuries, the tomb has badly disintegrated due to environmental conditions, and during torrential floods in 1817 half of the structure washed away. Today only the remaining half of the structure is still standing. In 1999, the Conservation and Rehabilitation Center of Pakistan invited international bodies and city officials to work on the conservation of the place. However, due to humidity, salt infiltration, and erosion the complex monuments are still crumbling. Inappropriate methods of repair have further damaged the complex. The World Monuments Fund placed the structure on their Watch in 1998, 2000 and 2002 to gather international attention and managed to obtain grants to conserve the tombs.

Located at: Tomb of Bibi Jawindi, Uch Sharif, Pakistan
Tomb of Bibi Jawindi Detail Picture 1
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